During the war of 1812, British troops occupied the capital of the United States in retaliation for the American attack of the city of York, Ontario, Canada and burned down the White House. It is the only time marked in the History of the U.S when an alien force has occupied Washington D.C. the occupation of Washington D.C. continued for 26 hours only. The U.S President of the time James Madison and his first lady Dolley Madison evicted the Presidential Mansion before the British attack.
It is said that the First Lady Dolley Madison took the portrait of George Washington by Gilbert Stuart (that hangs in the east room now) with her. The portrait is believed to be the only memory that was in the house before the attack.
By combining the Greek words ‘kineto’ meaning ‘movement’ and ‘scopos’ meaning ‘to watch’, Thomas Edison named the invention a “Kinetoscope”. The motion picture camera contained, 18 in. x 27 in. x 4 ft. high, a standing wooden box, with eyehole with telescopic lenses on the top. Inside the box, the movie was threaded on rolls, in a form of ribbon of about 50 feet and 35mm width.
A large, electric projection roll at the top of the box was pulled under the lens at a continuous speed. There was an electric lamp under the film reel, which was separated from the film with a rotating thin shutter. When each frame passed beneath the lens, the shutter allowed a brief flash of light that the frame looked like a still image. This continuous series of actually still images appeared as a motion picture.
The horse-drawn tram service in Edinburgh, which started in November 1871, was ended on this day in 1907 with the inaugural of the Craiglockhart cable car system.
133 Jews, 110 Arabs were massacred in 1929 Palestine riots and Jewish centuries-old existence was ended in Hebron consequently.
The photographer died while taking this picture of Japanese Bomb blasts on the flight deck of USS Enterprise during the battle of the Eastern Solomons. A Japanese dive-bomber called “Aichi D3A1 Val” to hit the Enterprise threw this third and last bomb down during the battle. The pilot of the bomber Kazumi Horie also died in the attack.
Edith Sampson was the first black United States ambassador to the United Nations.
During Vietnam War, four young protesters bombed Sterling Hall at the University of Wisconsin – Madison against the military manhunt for the criminals in the university campus. It caused the university Physics researcher death, left three injured and destroyed a big part of physics department and its equipment.
Microsoft released Windows 95 in public 22 years ago in North America. Microsoft discontinued its support for Windows 95 on 31 December 2001.
Radio Frequency Identification – RFID – is a technology that works on electromagnetic wave frequency to track distant items. On this day, RFID system was implanted in Professor Kevin Warwick body, the first Homo sapiens to be injected with the RFID chip.
Suicide bombers from Chechnya exploded 2 airplanes after taking off from Domodedovo International Airport, Moscow that caused the death of 89 passengers.
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